New York panorama
1971 through the eyes of an Englishman

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The BEV Retrospective - 1971.

This was quite a busy year, and it has been a long time coming. My historical headings are:
  • Indo-Pakistan War,
  • Vietnam war,
  • US domestic issues,
  • UK domestic issues,
  • Other world events.
There's also a new heading for this year - Business & Economics. For another quick taste of the year you can see the cover pages of Life Magazine here.
Indo-Pakistan War.

At the beginning of 1971, Pakistan was a nation divided into two separate parts by the intervening state of India. Pakistan's population was about 129 million, with about 58% of this in East Pakistan (about 75 million of whom about 15 million were Hindus).

West Pakistan controlled the military, and thus had control over East Pakistan, which was treated almost as a colony. Not surprisingly there was a political movement, the Awami League (Bangladesh Peoples's League). The AL was a secular political movement headed by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. It campaigned for a measure of autonomy for East Pakistan.

In the previous year's elections, the Awami League had won a significant majority in the Pakistan National Assembly, and attempted to form a government. This did not go down well with the politicians in the west. At the beginning of March, the then president - Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan - indefinitely postponed the pending National Assembly session.

A massive campaign of civil disobedience followed in East Pakistan. On March 7th, Rahman called on the East Pakistan masses to be prepared to fight for independence.
President Yayah Khan ordered the army to suppress the dissent, and the army also set about a systematic genocide of the Hindu's, who for the most part supported the Awami League. On the 25th, the army cracked down on Dhaka, and many intellectuals and students were slaughtered.

On the 27th, a dissident army major, Zaiur Rahman, declared independence from a radio station in Chittagong, and India relayed the broadcast to the rest of the world. In April, the Awami League leaders fled into India. A number of army units defected to the 'rebellion', and guerrilla troop of civilians, the Mukti Bahini, was formed to help these military units.


Capitulation.
India put its support behind the newly declared state, and opened its borders to give shelter to 10 million hindus in refugee camps. These promptly became recruiting grounds for the Mukti Bahini. India built up large Indian Army forces along the border with East Pakistan, Prime Minister Inhira Ghandi having decided that the best way to deal with the genocide and the refugee problem was to confront Pakistan. In this India was supported by the USSR, the two countries signing a 20-year treaty of friendship and cooperation in August, and Pakistan was supported by the USA and China, then uneasy bedfellows against the USSR.

The Pakistani President soon decided that war was inevitable, and on 21st of September declared a state of emergency. A lull followed until the 3rd of December, when the Pakistan air force pre-emptively attacked 9 Indian air bases, after which India invaded East Pakistan the following day. There was fighting on both of India's fronts with Pakistan. In the west, the aim was only to prevent the Pakistani Army from entering India, though some areas of Pakistan were taken in counter attacks there, they were handed back later.

In the east, cooperating with the Mukti Bahini a three pronged Blitzkrieg attack was aimed straight at Dhaka, bypassing Pakistani units who offered resistance.
It was all over in the east within two weeks when on the 16th the Pakistan Army there surrendered to the joint attacking force. India took 90,000 prisoners who were released only after Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement the following year.


Wreckage of downed helicopters.

Vietnam War.

Following a long sequence of covert incursions into Cambodia and Laos in previous years, in February, the Vietnamese army now openly attacked into Laos with the aim of cutting the Ho Chi Minh trail. This operation - Lam Son 719 - involved the largest helicopter assaults ever carried out during the war. The result was a debacle with half of the ARVN force killed or captured. 109 of the assault helicopters were shot down, and 600 admaged.

In August, Australia and New Zealand - seeing the writing on the wall - withdrew their troops from Vietnam. As a result of public and political pressure at home, by the end of the year, US troop levels dropped below 1966 levels for the first time, and President Nixon had set a deadline for the removal of a further 45,000 troops.



Winston TV cigarette commercial.
US Domestic Issues

In 1971, the USA had a Republican President - Richard Nixon - A Democrat Senate majority 54/46, and a Democrat House 255/180

As a starter for the year, a ban on radio and television cigarette advertisements came into effect in the USA on 2nd January. Heralding the start of a long war of attrition against the tobacco companies.

In April, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that busing of students could be ordered to achieve racial desegregation of public schools in the US. After the official desegregation of education that had come as a result of human rights/equality legislation, many schools were still effectively segregated because of the demography of the inner city areas in which they were located. In response to this fact and the requirements of the legislation, transport of a proportion of black students to predominantly white schools in outlying areas of the city had been initiated, and subsequently challenged in the courts.
By the end of the 60s, as a result of taxation policies, State and Interstate Highway systems, and air transport, it had looked as if passenger rail transport in the USA might become a thing of the past. However there were sufficiently large political and public lobbies working against this eventuality that the Rail Passenger Service Act had been signed into law in 1970 creating Amtrak. On May first this year, this body began its first inter-city rail passenger service from Penn Station in New York to Philadelphia. This was obviously not a big event - I have failed to find a picture of it on the web.

In 1967, the United States Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara had commissioned a top-secret study of the US involvement in Vietnam, which was completed in 1968. The study was leaked to the NY Times, which began to publish it - the Pentagon Papers - on Jube 13 in this year, provoking public outcry, protests, political controversy, and law suits. A U.S. Senator - Mike Gravel - cunningly entered 4,100 pages of the Papers to the record of his Subcommittee on Public Buildings and Grounds, thus putting them into the Congressional Record. The government took the NY Times to court, but their case was thrown out by the Supreme Court at the end of June.

In July, the South Tower of the World Trade Center in NY City was topped out at 1,362 feet, making it the second tallest building in the world at the time, and setting the scene for tragic events in the future.

UK Domestic Issues.

In 1971 the UK had a Conservative government headed by Prime Minister Edward Heath that had been elected the previous year with a parliamentary majority of 330/300.

This was the time of a significant growth in 'The Troubles' in Northern Ireland. In the previous year a militant splinter group of the IRA - the Provisional IRA or the 'Provos' had formed. Early this year its governing body had decided to initiate attacks on the British Army.

As a result, in July, the Heath government increased the number of troops in Northern Ireland to 11,000. The situation deteriorated further in August when a (probably misguided) policy of internment without trial was introduced. On the 9th, over 350 people were arrested and imprisoned at Long Kesh prison. Of these, zero were protestants, and by all accounts, very few were republican activists. 20 people died in rioting that followed this action, and by the 15th, the government once more increased the number of troops, this time to 12,500. Some of these troops were engaged in a significant firefight in Derry on the 18th.

There was also the beginning of a backlash by protestant 'loyalist' extremists, including a bombing at the predominantly catholic McGurk's Bar in Belfast that killed 15 people.

The Heath government was pro-Europe, and in June, new negotiations for UK EEC membership began in Luxembourg. The issues involved were the common agricultural policy, with which British farmers had some problems, and the trade relationships between Britain and its ex colonies - the British Comonwealth. The negotiations were sufficiently successful that the House of Commons voted 356–244 in favour of joining the EEC on October 28th.

Pre-decimal penny.
A decimal currency system was introduced in this year, causing distress to many little old ladies, and traditionalists. Previously, the coins of the realm had been as follows:

FarthingQuarter of a pennyA small copper coin - ceased to be legal tender in 1960
HalfpennyHalf of a pennyA slightly larger copper coin - ceased to be legal tender in 1969
Penny1/12 of a shillingA copper coin approx 31mm diameter
Threepence - a 'Threpny/Thrupny Bit'Three pennies
Sixpence - a 'Tanner'Six penniesA small cupro-nickel coin (originally silver)
Shilling - a 'bob'12 pennies, 1/20 of a poundA cupro-nickel coin (originally silver)
Florin or two shilling pieceTwo shillingsA cupro-nickel coin (originally silver)
Half-crown or two and sixTwo shillings and six pence A cupro-nickel coin - ceased to be legal tender in 1970
CrownFive shillingsRarely seen in practice
There was also previously a ten shilling note - the 'ten bob note'.

After decimalization the pound was worth 100 pence, and there were coins denominated in pence at 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 , 50. The shilling, the florin, and the ten bob note hung around for a while as they were direct equivalents of decimal coins. Any other coins could be turned in for appropriate decimal amounts.

The old system resulted in clumsy price descriptions, and was impossible for tourists. For example the popular price 'just less than a pound' was 19/11, pronounced nineteen and eleven, and being nineteen shillings and eleven pence (the full notation was something like £1/19/11 - one pound nineteen and eleven, with an amount in shillings typically written as 12/-). Decimalization made the magic price a little less, but it just read and was pronounced as 99p.

Other World Events.

In January, the Ugandan army leader - Idi Amin - deposed President Milton Obote and took over the presidency. One bad apple was replaced by another. Tanzanian President Nyerere offered sanctuary to Obote and quite a number of his supporters, and in August some border clashes occured between Tanzania and Uganda.

At the end of September, a cyclone coming in from the Bay of Bengal, killed 10,000 people in Orissa State in India. As one of those awful/ridiculous contrasts, on the following day, Walt Disney World opened at Orlando in Florida.

In October, The United Nations General Assembly admitted the People's Republic of China and threw out the Republic of China - Taiwan. The right wing of the Chinese Communist Party at this point favoured moving toward a raprochement with the USA, since they distrusted the expansionist policies of the USSR. The left wing was led by Mao's designated successor Lin Biao supported the traditional pro-soviet/anti-USA policy. However, Lin was dissatisfied with the pace of his political progress, and in September of this year, staged a coup against Mao. The coup was thwarted, and Lin fled by plane to the USSR. The plane crashed in Mongolia under unknown circumstances, and all aboard were killed.

In December Cambodian Communist Party rebels - the Khmer Rouge - intensifed their assaults on Cambodian government positions, coming within 10 kilometers of Phnom Penh.


Rolls-Royce RB211 aero engine.
Business & Economics.

The British car, diesel engine, and aero engine firm Rolls-Royce was in trouble in this year with the ambitious development program of an engine known as the RB211. The engine was an advanced design and was supposed to use carbon fiber blades for its main fan. These blades had already passed most of their testing, but when a dead chicken was fired into a running engine the result was a catastrophic failure. The firm then had to fall back on titanium blades, and there were problems with them too. As a result, on February 4th Rolls-Royce became bankrupt. This was a big shock to the British, and it was also regarded as being strategically dangerous by the Heath government, who promptly nationalized the company. The engine was completed, and was subsequently a success.

Also in February, a new stock exchange called NASDAQ started trading in the US. It was the first computer/electronics based exchange, though in the first place it was just a bulletin board on which traders could post offers and bids.

In June the US ended its trade embargo of China, reflecting the warming relations between the two nations.
In 1969, and 70, oil hd been discovered in Norwegian and British waters of the North sea. In June, Norway began oil production from fields in its waters. Then in July, the giant Brent oil field was discovered to the east of Shetland. Deep water drilling conditions in the North Sea were difficult, and in consquence this was the beginning of a period of tremendous technological development, the cost of which would dwarf NASA's budget for the moon landings.

At this time, as a result of the cost of the Vietnam war, and of domestic spending, the US was suffering from inflation. The government was printing dollars to compensate for this. However the US was still bound by the Bretton Woods system of international financial exchange which required it to exchange dollars for gold. It became clear that the link to gold was not sustainable, and the US gold reserves were being severely depleted by other countries that cashed in their dollars for gold.

On August 15 – President Nixon announced that the United States would no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. To combat inflation, he also imposed a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents. As a knock-on effect of the end of Bretton Woods, the US Dollar was devalued by 8% on December 18 for the second time in history.


Intel 4004 microprocessor.
Technology.
The third moon landing mission - Apollo 14 - was launched on January 31st. Of course, by now, moon landings were much less of a deal. Same old, same old had set in. The only memorable happening was that commander Alan Shepard hit two golf balls on the lunar surface with a club he'd taken with him.

The next space venture of the year brought tragedy. On April 19th, the Soviet Union launched Salyut 1, the first orbiting space station. It was followed five days later by Soyuz 10, which failed to dock successfully with the space station. Soyuz 11, launched on June 6th, docked successfully, and its crew spent 23 days in the space station. Sadly as they returned to earth on June 29th, their air supply leaked out through a faulty valve and all the crew died.

Apollo 15 followed on July 26th. This was a longer, more scientifically oriented mission during which David Scott James Irwin spent three days touring the moon in the first Lunar Rover. But public interest was definitely waning by this time.
Several events of significance ocurred in November or thereabouts. In another space exploration first, Mariner 9 entered an orbit around Mars.

Central dogma.

Some were on the computing front. During the previous year, a group of researchers at Bell Labs had developed a compact operating system on a small PDP7 computer. In this year, it was migrated up to a PDP11, and renamed as UNIX. On November 3, the UNIX Programmer's Manual was published.

Another manual - or specification - was also published in this year. Professor Niklaus Wirth, one of the collaborators on the ALGOL programming language, had been working since 1968 on a language that was eventually named Pascal, after the famous mathematician of that name. His objective was to create a language that was "... to be efficient to implement and run, allow for the development of well structured and well organized programs, and to serve as a vehicle for the teaching of the important concepts of computer programming". He was quite successful in meeting his objectives in that Pascal became the third programming language after FORTRAN and COBOL to be widely understood, and did become the preferred teaching language in computer science for about a decade. There was another intervening language - PL1 - which was developed by IBM and others almost throughout the 60s. But it never achieved the popularity of FORTRAN, COBOL, or Pascal - it was too big and complicated.

Also in November, the semiconductor company Intel released the world's first microprocessor, the Intel 4004 the first commercially available microprocessor. It was of very limited power compared to the computer that the fledgling UNIX was running on, but it was the beginning of a line that stretches to the present

At about the same time a programmer called Ray Tomlinson sent the first ARPAnet (the precursor of the Internet) e-mail between host computers.

The science of Molecular Biology got started in the 1950s, when the structure of DNA was established. How the double helix worked was however another matter. Crick had proposed the central dogma, whereby DNA was the pattern for the formation of RNA pieces that were then patterns for the creation of proteins. But the structure of RNA was not well understood, and discovering it proved difficult.

However, in this year there was a breakthrough, when a team headed by Sung Hou Kim at MIT first got a reasonably high resolution X-ray diffraction picture of a yeast transfer RNA. The techniques they used kick-started development afresh.

A Locale Reminder.
Life.

I had barely got my feet under the table with my boss Leslie Young when he was promoted to be a Group Manager, responsible for a number of power stations in our region. He was replaced by a senior research officer from the CEGB central research laboratories called Bert Masterson. I was to have a kind of love/hate relationship with this new boss for several years. There was a sudden change in management style. While Leslie Young had been pretty laid back, Bert Masterson wanted everything to be just so. This meant I had to make some attempt to change my style, and be somewhat more formal and organized - a down side. On the other hand, Bert formalized my position in the organization, and made me a division head, creating a division called Central Services to accomplish this. In consequence, I was better off again.
I think that at the time, this manifested itself most in clothes and lifestyle. At the beginning of the 70s fashion was still something of a hangover from the late 60s, but it was developing its characteristics for the decade.

Men wore their hair long. This was not tremendously good for me, since my hair was receding by that age, but I stuck with it - you have it to do. I used to remark that my hair was busy creeping down my back. As for clothes, well flared trousers and platform shoes were the order of the day. All trousers that weren't flared had to be thrown away or hidden in the depths of the wardrobe. The platform shoes weren't a neccessity - you just wore those when you wanted to look flash, though that posed some trouser length problems.

We were still regulars at the Commercial Inn in Esholt. Another couple who used to go there were called Roz and John. They ran a fashion store of the same name in Bradford. We used to go to their shop, and I think we got a bit of discount. I had two suits around this time that I thought were the dogs knob (that's British for the coolest thing). One was actually a rather nice grey flannel suit that would have been OK in any decade except for the flared trousers. The other, considering it retrospectively, was pretty horrid. It was a purply coloured thing - I think at the time it was described as aubergine - and it was made of Crimplene, which was a textile fibre popular at the time made by ICI. They had a research establishment in Harrogate, a town to the north of where we lived, and the fibre was named after Crimple Beck, a stream that ran past the labs. One of Crimplene's virtues was that it was pretty crease resistant, and held the crease that was put in trousers by the manufacturer for a long time. To counterbalance that, it used to 'pill' badly, it was a knitted fabric as opposed to a woven one, and if there were breaks in the fibre, a section would disengage itself from the fabric an form a little bobble of coiled up fibre on the surface - very attractive.

By now we were pretty well established at the house in Saltaire, and on Friday evenings I was a regular attender of the Elmer night club maybe half a mile away in Shipley town centre. There - probably late in the previous year - I met a girl called Valerie. She was not strikingly attractive, and not overwhelmingly bright, but she had a decent shaped body, perhaps a bit on the heavy side, and above all, she was willing. I could drive her home after we'd had a few beers and danced some, and after she'd dismissed the neighbour babysitter, we would have sex. I discovered that her outdoor appearance was a slight distortion of the truth. In the flesh she had one breast that was significantly larger than the other, as in tiny to large, and would normally wear a falsie on the small side. The big one was, of course, my favourite. As it happened, the council flat where she lived was more or less on my route home from work in Leeds, so occasionally, if she was in the mood, I could get a quickie on my way home. There was a husband somewhere, but he had done a runner.

It was all quite satisfactory until she started to get possessive. Since she was readily available at times other than Friday nights, I wanted my free Friday nights back to chat up girls, while Valerie wanted Friday night to be our regular date. To start with, she would ask if I was going, and I would say I didn't think I could make it this week. But then of course, one Friday she turned up while I was there, and after that, the relationship went downhill, as you'd expect.

It wasn't long though before I found another woman in a similar state of life. Again I met her at the Elmer, but I think that was the only time she and I were ever there together. She was Robin, also had a small child, and an absent husband. She lived in a small stone terrace house in a suburb of Keighley, a large town to the west of where I lived. This was much less convenient. It was about twelve miles away from home, so not somewhere you could visit casually. I use to have to use up a portion, or heaven forbid, all of my Friday night. With Robin, I could not just breeze in, get fucked, and they zoom off with a see-you-later. You had to take some bottles of beer with you, and spend some time there before she'd eventually take you to her bed. Then you had to get out of a warm bed late at night, and drive the 12 miles home, or to the Elmer if you fancied another beer. So that was not going to last long either, an it was in fact terminated quite quickly by another woman.

When I was at Bingley Grammar School in the 50s, I had a friend called Graham Taylor - usually known as 'Smiler'. He always had a reputation for having a way with girls, and was one of the characters who helped to make my promotion from the third form to the fifth such a dismal failure. He lived in a village called Harden to the South of Bingley then, and in the early 70s, when I last saw him, he still did. We had I think just one brief meeting. Saltaire was quite close to Bingley, as was my parents house, so I went there quite often, shopping or whatever.

One day I had just parked the Saab somewhere, and as I got out, there was Smiler striding across the car park on his way somewhere. He stopped and did a double take as we both recognized each other, then we shook hands, and talked briefly until a woman pulled out from a nearby parking space, wound her window down, and greeted him. They spoke to each other briefly, then Smiler said he really had to go, as he was late, and left me standing with Jean. It was like he handed her to me on a plate. They had recently been lovers, but as I saw it the thing was over, and that was a termination. I have not seen him since.

It was lust at first sight. We looked each other in the eye, and we both knew it was an affair from that first moment. I think we really just spoke for long enough to arrange to meet that Friday night at the Fisherman Inn, a pub off the beaten track close to where my parents lived.


The Austin Westminster.
I turned up there with heart pounding that Friday, wondering if she would come, and what would happen. She did. We talked until closing time - the sort of intense conversation that makes two hours pass like ten minutes. She was attractive, vivacious, and lived at the Conservative Club in Bingley where her father was the steward. She was a little younger than me, and had a serious boyfriend who happened to be in the merchant navy. When the cat was away this mouse would play. When the pub shut we drove to a place she knew up on the moor north of Bingley past the Dick Hudson's pub in her big Austin Westminster. Big enough to have sex in the front bench seat in comfort. We did, and afterwards I wanted us to go to the Elmer and drink and dance, but she went home and sent me on my way.

She was the ideal lover - reliable, fun, sexy, and didn't get in the way of my social life. For the rest of the year we met most Friday nights, and had our regular routine, except for times when her sailor was home. If she had her period, she would give me a blow job - the first woman I had met who could do that really well.
For whatever reason, the arrangement seemed to suit her as well as it suited me. We managed all this without falling in love, and for a time I was a very contented man. Good job, happily married, and with an understanding and sexy girl-friend - happy days! I wish I had a picture, but in those days I did not even own a working camera, and even if I had, it's unlikely that I would have had it with me on a Friday night, and even less likely that the prints or negatives would have survived. I just wish. For all I know, Jean may have had 6 other boyfriends for the other days of the week. Men have always been somewhat naive about women - but in those days, who cared?

I went to the Elmer after my time with Jean on Friday nights, but of course by that point in the evening I was not really trying. I could dance and drink, then go home and sleep like a log. I don't think I ever picked up a girl and did it twice on a Friday night, but I might have gone with Valerie if she'd been feeling horny. Through the alcoholic haze of those Friday nights, and the mist of almost 40 years, it's difficult to say.



A tanker leaving the terminus at Milford Haven.
At some time in this year, I fitted in a number of other events. Having already had cartilage surgery on my left knee a few years before, I now messed up my right knee. I don't remember how. I had learned my lesson about exercise and physiotherapy with the first event, so I was not going to get caught with a long recovery period again. I gritted my teeth and started leg lifting exercise as soon as I came round from the anaesthetic. The Elaine brought me a stick, and I quickly learned to walk with that without putting excessively painful stress on the damage knee. Then I walked round and round the hospital, and to the pub with Elaine when she came to visit. The hospital quickly got fed up and sent me home, There I quickly mastered driving the Saab with the cast on my leg so I could go straight back to work. One of the things I ha to do in those weeks was to go down to Leatherhead in Surrey for a meeting. I drove, stopping for the night close to where my occasional girlfriend Cher lived near Birmingham. There I mastered the further art of having sex with a cast on your leg. The cast was off, and I was back to normal again in no time.

Having tried the holiday in North Wales the previous year, this year we went a little further afield to Pembrokeshire in South Wales.
We stayed at a small family run guest house close to Milford Haven, a natural deep water harbour used as an oil tanker terminus. That doesn't sound too good, but it's actually a really pleasant area, or was then. The Saab misbehaved on the way, overheating periodically in the Welsh hills in the summer. When we got back I took its V4 engine heads off, and changed its thermostat, but I could not find anything wrong, and it was just the same after as before.

Later on in the year, Bert Masterson told me that the CEGB Scientific Services Department would be moving to premises that had been bought in Harrogate, some time in the new year. In my new capacity as Division Head of Central Services (what a mouthful), I started to spend some time there planning and preparing for our occupation.

Entertainment.

British television was on something of a roll in the 70s, so here in the first year of the decade, I'll just summarize the ongoing television series that stick in my mind. These are the programs that I'd watch out of choice, or probably have to watch if I was in somebody else's house. I am providing no detail because the links are all quite adequate:


Something completely different.


I'll comment in future pages as and when these drop out and new things appear.

In this year, there were two new additions that I'd note. First, 'Dr. Finlay's Casebook', a doctors soap opera that would last for some years and be very popular. Also this year saw the debut of 'The Two Ronnies' a show consisting mostly of two comedians who had an uncanny way of complementing each other.

Also in this year, the long running 'Panorama' series got new theme music, an adaptation of Francis Lai's Aujourd'Hui C'est Toi. (Today It's You).

I can't really comment much on ongoing US TV of the period. There was plenty of it on British TV, but much of it was not stuff I would normally watch. In January of this year though, I do know that a highly successful US sitcom series 'All in the Family', based on the UK series 'Till Death do us Part', had its debut - Archie Bunker versus Alf Garnet. In addition for this year, I should mention 'Gunsmoke', which the kids would watch, and the 'Mary Tyler Moor Show', which my mother would watch.

At the cinema the top five US top grossing movies were: At number 7 was Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange. The big award winner was The French Connection.

Of these, I've seen The French Connection, Diamonds Are Forever, and Dirty Harry. I think I saw the James Bond film at the cinema at the time - the others were on TV later. Diamonds Are Forever and A Clockwork Orange were British films, the list of which also included:

This years number one hit singles in the UK, with the odd number two, were:
ArtistTitleMonth Comment
George HarrisonMy Sweet LordJan
Mungo JerryBaby JumpFeb
T RexHot LoveFeb
Dave & Ansil CollinsDouble BarrelMarCan anyone remember this - I can't
DawnKnock Three TimesApr
Rolling StonesBrown SugarAprNo 2 but one of their classics
Middle Of The RoadChirpy Chirpy Cheep CheepJunOh dear!
T RexGet It OnJul
TamsHey Girl Don't Bother MeJul
Diana RossI'm Still WaitingJul
Rod StewartMaggie MaySep
SladeCoz I Luv YouOct
Bennie HillErnie (The Fastest Milkman In The West)NovTribute to British bad taste
New SeekersI'd Like To Teach The World To SingDecThis tune began life as a jingle in a Coca Cola ad
I also need to mention John Lennon's 'Imagine', from the album of the same name, which did better in the US than in the UK. Other personal favourites of the year are below:

"Imagine" - John Lennon
"Got to Be There" - Michael Jackson
"I Am, I Said" - Neil Diamond
"If You Really Love Me" - Stevie Wonder
"Just My Imagination" - Temptations
"Love The One You're With" - Stephen Stills & also Isley Brothers
"Mercy Mercy Me" - Marvin Gaye
"Never Can Say Goodbye" - Michael Jackson & Jackson Five
"Rainy Days And Mondays" - The Carpenters
"So Far Away" - Carole King
"Stairway To Heaven" - Led Zeppelin
"Theme From Shaft" - Isaac Hayes
"We Can Work It Out" - Stevie Wonder
"What's Going On" - Marvin Gaye
"Your Song" - Elton John
Links are courtesy of , who also provide the player. My experience of links to downloadable MP3 files has been unfavourable. At some point I have to go over all the previous years and point the links there somewhere else. At the same time, I think these links are of value on a page of this kind - the music is very evocative of the times! Please report broken links as you find them - thanks.


The Eagles at about this time.


Some significant groups were formed in this year, including: And as always, there was bad news. Jim Morrison, leader of The Doors was found dead in his bathtub in Paris. Jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong died of a heart attack just before his 70th birthday.
Index.

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